Original name: Иоланта
Libretto: Modest Tchaikovsky based the Danish play Kong Renes Datter (King Rene’s Daughter) by Henrik Hertz.
Stage Director: Eleonora Constantinov Artist al Poporului
Set Designer: Irina Press Maestru în Artă
Costume Designer: Irina Press Maestru in Artă
Music Director: Mihail Secichin Maestru in Artă
World Premiere: 18 december, 1892, at Marinsky Theatre, Sankt Petersburg.
Premiere in Chisinau: 15 december1979, at Moldovan State Theatre of Opera and Ballet.
Premiere of the last version: 16 june 2005, at National Theatre of Opera and Ballet
„I can’t compose the music with love and enthusiasm on each of the subjects although it is interesting and spectacular, If the characters don’t attract my attention …”
The history of creation
In the beginning of 1891 year after the success of Queen of spades premiere in Petersburg, P.I.Ceaikovski planned to compose other two new works for theatre like a small opera and ballet and that would be performed in one evening. So Ceaikovski choosed the subject of King Rene’s Daughter story by Henrik Hertz (after H.C.Andersen). The play of Hertz transformed by K.Zvanţev was performed on the stage of theatres in Moscow and St. Petersburg. M.I.Ceaikovski, the brother of composer wrote the libretto for Iolanta based on the last variant. „How much I am involved in music composition for Iolanta I realize the quality of libretto” wrote the composer to V.Davоdov. In the beginning it was worked slowly but after that it was changed something. The narrow scenario of the opera asked for maximum conciseness and precision. Tchaikovsky realized this choosing and concentrating the best and efficient processes of music drama. So Iolanta is one of the best and chiseled opera of Tchaikovsky.
The action takes place in the South mountain of France in the XV century.
In the south of France, in Provance, there lives Iolanta - king's Rene's only daughter. She is blind from birth. But she doesn’t know about it. She lives in a guarded castle and her attendants are forbidden to mention sight and light in her presence.
Iolanta's friends, her nurse - everybody is kind to her, thougtful of her. But sad thoughts haunt her, unbearable anguish oppresses her heart-King Rene cherishes hopes for his daughter's recovery.
The King invites a famous Moorish doctor Ibn-Khakia to cure Iolanta. The doctor is sure that he won’t succeed unless the girl is aware of her misfortune and willing to recover her sight. Rene refuses to reveal the terrible truth to his daughter.
Having lost their way two friends - Knight Veaudemont and Duke Robert find themselves in King Rene's castle. Veaudemont notices the sleeping Iolanta. He is struck by her beauty.
Love for the unknown girl bursts in his heart. Meanwhile Robert tells his friend about his love for Mathilda, the countess of Lorraine. But one thing worries Robert: as a boy he was engaged to King Rene's daughter-Iolanta. On hearing unfamiliar voices Iolanta wakes up: guests are rare in the castle. The young people explain to her that they have lost their way and got into the castle by chance. Robert leaves to find his retainers, Iolanta and Veaudemont remain alone. The young man passionately declares his love for Iolanta. When he realizes that she is blind, he in a fit of passion tells her about the sunshine and bright blue sky.
A desire to see arises in Iolanta's heart and love for the Knight bursts in her soul.
There appeares the alarmed King Rene, the doctor, Iolanta's friends Having learnt that the Knight revealed the secret to Iolanta the doctor decides to begin the treatment.
King Rene declares that if the treatment fails the knight will die. Iolanta is ready to go through any sufferings for Veaudemont to stay alive.
There appears Robert accompanied by his knights. Veaudemont seeks Iolanta's hand in marriage. King Rene tells him that his daughter is engaged to Duke Robert.
Robert begs the king to break the engagement as he loves the countess Mathilda. King Rene releases Robert from his obligations. Joyful cries announce "Iolanta can now see!" King Rene blesses Iolanta and Veaudemont. Happy, they sing a song of praise to the light forces of life, the sun and love.