Original name: La Boheme
Libretto: Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa
After story Scйnes de la Vie de Boheme by H.Murger
Stage Director: Rodica Picireanu
Set Designer: Iurie Matei, Peoples Artist
Costume designer: Anastasia Spataru
Music director: Nicolae Dohotaru, Peoples Artist
Chief Choirmaster: Oleg Constantinov Master of Arts
World Premiere: 1 february, 1896, at Regio Theatre, Torino.
Premiere in Chisinau: 11 october, 1977, at the Moldova State Theatre of Opera and Ballet
Mimi, a seamstress
Rodolfo, a poet
Marcello, a painter;
Musetta, a dress-maker
Colline, a philosopher
Schaunard, a musician
Benoit, a landlord
Parpignol, a toy-seller
Alcindoro, a councillor
Townspeople, merchants, peasants
„I write for public and when I speak about public I don’t think about thousands spectators of theatres but I speak about the poor people that can’t come to the theatre.First I express everything to them.”
The history of creation
In the letter of Verdi sent for G.Ricordi, he request an adequate libretto for the next opera. He asked for a more poetic subject it should be not so gloomy but at the same time it had to contain a spiritual conception. After some time the composer took the Scйnes de la Vie de Boheme by H.Murger. But at the same time, another composer R.Leoncavallo began an opera with the same name.In these conditions it was created a competition between the composers. G.Puccini.finished the first and he was the winner.
The action takes place in Latin la Paris neighborhood in 1830.
In their Latin Quarter garret, the painter Marcello and poet Rodolfo try to keep warm by burning pages from Rodolfo's latest drama. They are joined by their comrades — Colline, a young philosopher, and Schaunard, a musician who has landed a job and brings food, fuel and funds. But while they celebrate their unexpected fortune, the landlord, Benoit, arrives to collect the rent. Plying the older man with wine, they urge him to tell of his flirtations, and then throw him out in mock indignation. As the friends depart for a celebration at the nearby Cafe Momus, Rodolfo promises to join them soon, staying behind to finish writing an article. There is another knock: a neighbor, Mimi, says her candle has gone out on the drafty stairs. Offering her wine when she feels faint, Rodolfo relights her candle and helps her to the door. Mimi realizes she has dropped her key, and as the two searches for it, both candles are blown out. In the moonlight the poet takes the girl's shivering hand, telling her his dreams. She then recounts her solitary life, embroidering flowers and waiting for spring. Drawn to each other, Mimi and Rodolfo leave for the cafe.
Amid shouts of street hawkers, Rodolfo buys Mimi a bonnet near the Cafe Momus before introducing her to his friends. They all sit down and order supper. A toy vendor, Parpignol, passes by, besieged by children. Marcello's former lover, Musetta, enters ostentatiously on the arm of the elderly, wealthy Alcindoro. Trying to regain the painter's attention, she sings a waltz about her popularity. Complaining that her shoe pinches, Musetta sends Alcindoro to fetch a new pair, and then falls into Marcello's arms. Joining a group of marching soldiers, the Bohemians leave Alcindoro to face the bill when he returns.
At dawn on the snowy outskirts of Paris, a Customs Officer admits farm women to the city. Musetta and revelers are heard inside a tavern. Soon Mimi walks by, searching for the place where the reunited Marcello and Musetta now live. When the painter emerges, she pours out her distress over Rodolfo's incessant jealousy. It is best they part, she says. Rodolfo, who has been asleep in the tavern, is heard, and Mimi hides; Marcello thinks she has left. The poet tells Marcello he wants to separate from his fickle sweetheart. Pressed further, he breaks down, saying Mimi is dying; her ill health can only worsen in the poverty they share. Overcome, Mimi stumbles forward to bid her lover farewell as Marcello runs back into the tavern to investigate Musetta's raucous laughter. While Mimi and Rodolfo recall their happiness, Musetta quarrels with Marcello. The painter and his mistress part in fury, but Mimi and Rodolfo decide to stay together until spring.
Some months later, Rodolfo and Marcello lament their loneliness in the garret. Colline and Schaunard bring a meager meal. The four stage a dance, which turns into a mock fight. The merrymaking is ended when Musetta bursts in, saying Mimi is downstairs, too weak to climb up. As Rodolfo runs to her, Musetta tells how Mimi has begged to be taken to her lover to die. While Mimi is made comfortable, Marcello goes with Musetta to sell her earrings for medicine, and Colline leaves to pawn his cherished overcoat. Alone, Mimi and Rodolfo recall their first days together, but she is seized with coughing. When the others return, Musetta gives Mimi a muff to warm her hands and prays for her life. Mimi dies quietly, and when Schaunard discovers she is dead, Rodolfo runs to her side, calling her name.